The Indonesian navy scuttles a foreign fishing vessel caught fishing illegally in Indonesian waters near Bitung, North Sulawesi, on 20 May, 2015. Photo by Reuters
Indonesia is determined to assert its exclusive right to a corner of the South China Sea (Vietnam’s East Sea) where there has been a run of skirmishes between Indonesian navy ships and Chinese vessels, the vice-president said on Monday.
Jusuf Kalla told Reuters that Indonesia would send a message to Beijing demanding that it respect the Southeast Asian nation’s sovereignty over waters around the Natuna Islands.
China’s foreign ministry said over the weekend that an Indonesian naval vessel fired on a Chinese fishing boat near the chain of islands on Friday, injuring one person.
Indonesia’s navy responded that it had fired warning shots at several boats with Chinese flags it accused of fishing illegally but there were no injuries.
It was the third reported confrontation near the Natuna Islands this year and comes amid rising regional tensions over China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea (Vietnam’s East Sea).
“This is not a clash, but we are protecting the area,” Kalla said in an interview with Reuters at the presidential palace.
Asked if the Indonesian government had made a decision to be more assertive, he said: “Yes, we will continue.”
Indonesia is not part of a broader regional dispute over China’s reclamation activities in the South China Sea (Vietnam’s East Sea) and Beijing’s claims on swathes of key waterways.
But Jakarta has objected to China’s inclusion of parts of the Indonesian-ruled Natuna Islands within a “nine-dash line” Beijing marks on maps to show its claim on the body of water.
Indonesia’s Vice President Jusuf Kalla speaks during an interview with Reuters in Jakarta, Indonesia, June 20, 2016. Photo by Reuters/Beawiharta
China has said it does not dispute Indonesia’s sovereignty over the Natuna Islands, but Kalla said its ships sometimes claim that they have the right to operate in waters around the islands because they are “traditional Chinese fishing grounds.”
“But we are focused on the legal basis,” Kalla said, referring to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). “We will send a message to the other side to honor the area in accordance with the law.”
China claims most of the South China Sea (Vietnam’s East Sea), through which $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year. The Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei have overlapping claims.